Obligation

  • Portugal: Ambitious National Targets for Solar Thermal

    The European renewable energy directive states an ambitious national target for Portugal: The southern European country is to reach a renewable energy share of 31 % in its total energy demand for 2020. At the same time, the government has shown a strong commitment to renewable energy...

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  • Solar India Mission: 20 Million m2 by 2022

    Solar India Mission: 20 Million m2 by 2022

    The recently published Solar India Mission places its emphasis on large-scale application of solar thermal technology. The photo shows a typical solar thermal installation on a housing estate in India.
    Photo: Jaideep Malaviya

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  • Effects of the Spanish Solar Thermal Obligation

    Effects of the Spanish Solar Thermal Obligation

    David Pérez from the international consultancy firm eclareon, Madrid, took a closer look at the impact of the Spanish solar thermal obligation on demand, products and the value chain, and presented his conclusions at the European Solar Thermal Energy Conference (estec2009) in May...

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  • 5 Star Standard: Western Australia Adds the “Plus”

    5 Star Standard: Western Australia Adds the “Plus”

    The Government of Western Australia aims to increase the efficiency of water heating systems in new residential buildings.  The 5 Star Plus energy and water efficiency requirements stipulate that new home builders install either an energy efficient gas water heater, a solar water heater or...

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  • Mexico City Shows the Way to Solar Obligations in Central America

    Mexico City Shows the Way to Solar Obligations in Central America

    Larger flat plate collector systems are gaining momentum in Mexico city, thanks to a Environmental Norm which makes solar water heaters mandatory. The photo shows a 144 m2 collector field of a public swimming pool in the district of Miguel Hidalgo in Mexico City. Quelle: GTZ...

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  • Study on Solar Thermal Municipalities in Italy

    Study on Solar Thermal Municipalities in Italy

    The Italian “Renewable Municipalities Report 2009” is very likely the most comprehensive European study about renewable activities on a municipality level. It lists 2,996 Italian municipalities that are currently using solar thermal technology.
    Figure: Legambiente

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  • Solar Thermal Ordinances: State of Art in Europe (2008)

    This report, from 2008, produced by Intelligent Energy Europe, and integrated in the ProSTO project (Best Practice Implementation of Solar Thermal Obligations) makes an assessment of existing solar thermal ordinances (STO), using a total of 11 case studies in different countries such as Italy...

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  • Austria: Solar Thermal Mandatory for Housing Assistance

    Austria: Solar Thermal Mandatory for Housing Assistance

    Solar showcase in Austria: This single family house in Tyrol generates a 30 % share of the domestic hot water and heating demand from renewable energies. Since 2008 more and more Austrian states have required an ecological heating system, if homeowners want to profit from housing...

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  • Solar Building Codes in China

    Solar Building Codes in China

    Solar systems on the balcony: This is the answer to the space problem in the mega-cities in the eastern part of China. Solar obligations force system suppliers to work on systems which can be used on the balcony as shown in this solar exhibition. Already 6 provinces implemented solar...

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  • Solar Obligation for Public Buildings in Namibia (2007)

    Solar Obligation for Public Buildings in Namibia (2007)

    Namibia has successfully implemented a directive in 2007 which requires SWH on all new public buildings, on existing public buildings without water heaters and existing public buildings with electric geysers. Namibia could reduce its peak electricity demand by almost 20 MW thanks to this...

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