RES 2020

  • Basel-Country: At Least 50 % Solar Share in Domestic Hot Water in New Buildings

    Basel-Country: At Least 50 % Solar Share in Domestic Hot Water in New Buildings

    More and more Swiss cantons approve mandatory laws or requirements for a solar share in the domestic hot water supply of residential, public or commercial buildings. These solar water heating systems were built on a voluntary basis.

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  • “We Were Clearly in Need of the Incentive Programme”

    “We Were Clearly in Need of the Incentive Programme”

    Solarthermalworld.org spoke with Manuel Collares-Pereira,  R&D director of the Portuguese collector manufacturer Aosol, about the development of his company and the Portuguese solar thermal incentive programme. Photo: Aosol

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  • An Overview of CSP in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East (2008)

    This document from 2008 gives a comprehensive overview of CSP development in Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. The paper first looks into the key drivers and key inhibitors that impact the growth of CSP. Particular attention is given to the cost factor of CSP such as initial investment...

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  • Swiss Cantons leading Energy Policy Efforts

    Swiss Cantons leading Energy Policy Efforts

    Switzerland is finally taking on a broader approach to climate protection. The majority of the 26 cantons have adopted a regulation placing the maximum share of non-renewable energies in new heating systems at 80 %. This decision can be traced back to an initiative of the Conference of Cantonal...
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  • Energy Directive Adopted by European Parliament

    It's a great step forward acknowledging solar heating and cooling to be a key factor for climate protection: For the first time, heating and cooling is covered by an European Directive. The new Energy Directive was adopted with 634 votes in favour and only 25 against and 25 absent in the...

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  • Portugal: Solar Obligation since 2006

    To increase the use of renewable energy sources is one of three goals in the Portuguese National Strategy for Energy. One instrument is a solar thermal obligation which entered into force in 2006. Its introduction has been prepared by a market stimulation programme.

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  • Renewable heating law in Germany: solar - an option among others

    With the Renewable Heating Law (EEWärmeG) the German government aims at increasing the share of renewable energy in the heating demand from 6 to 14 % until 2020. From 1 January, 2009 on owners and operators of private, commercial and public buildings will have to provide a minimum share of their...

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  • Solar Obligation in Barcelona: Pioneers in Europe

    The Barcelona Solar Thermal Obligation was the first of its kind adopted in a large European city. The first version entered into effect in August 2000. The revised version was approved in February 2006. Main changes are that the regulations now apply to more buildings and that the solar...

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  • Spain: Solar Obligation since 2006

    In March 2006 the Spanish Government passed the new Technical Buildings Code (CTE). It has been the most significant reform of the country’s building sector in decades. The law covers safety, health and noise protection issues in buildings, and it deals with sustainability and energy...

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  • Renewable Energy Technology Roadmap up to 2020

    Published in January 2007, by EREC (European Renewable Energy Council), the document shows the ambitions of the European Renewable Energy Industry to reach the EU targets for 2020 for different sectors, including electricity, heating & cooling, and biofuels.
    It provides roadmaps for each sector, predicting its development and the conditions under which progress can be made.

    Nowadays, in the EU-25, fossil fuels contribute to almost 80 % of the primary energy demand. The target of 20% renewable energy use by 2020 seems to be quite challenging, especially if the appropriate legal framework and incentives are not put in place.

    This EREC report estimates that the contribution to the total primary energy demand will only be roughly 8% in 2010, slightly more than 12% in 2020 and only 12% in 2030 which is very far away from any target set. As for the energy supply, scenarios are more positive: 21% in 2020 if the policy developments and instruments continue progressing.

    If different and specific targets were set, then it would be easier to achieve the given targets. According to EREC, the Renewable Energy roadmap should consist of an overall target for 2020, followed by targets for the different sectors (electricity, heating/cooling, biofuels). Setting up individual targets for the different sectors would fasten the process, given that not all sectors are in the same stage of development.

    As what regards the solar thermal market, this report estimates that more funding on R&D would enable a broader adoption of solar thermal solutions for heating, cooling and storage.

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