This document was presented at the ECOWAS Solar Thermal Energy Capacity Building and Demonstration Programme conference held on 13 and 14 June 2014 in Praia, Cape Verde. The presentation provides an overview of the usage of solar thermal energy in the touristic sector of Cape Verde.
In the country, solar thermal systemsuse is limited to water heating of low temperature for domestic purposes. Public institutions don´t use solar thermal water heaters; only 20% of the hotels use solar thermal energy, while most of them use electrical heaters and gas or diesel oil boilers. Solar systems and electric systems for water heating are compared, taking into account sales, costs and investment payback time.
The presentation identifies lack of legislation and poor awareness, education and training as the key barriers to the deployment of solar thermal systems. The newly built Training Center for Renewable Energy and Industrial Maintenance is a step in the right direction. Finally, recommendations are made to the government to approve legislation promoting the usage of solar thermal energy; fiscal incentives, building codes in line with sustainability criteria, dissemination of best practices and levying heavy duty taxes in imports of electric water heaters are among the suggested measures.
Author: Antúnio Barbosa
Date: June 2014
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