India: Building byelaws in Chandigarh City with far-reaching Rules

logo of Chandigarh city The Open Hand is one of the landmarks of Chandigarh city, the capital of the two Indian states Punjab and Haryana in the north of India.
Photo: City of Chandigarh

The north Indian city of Chandigarh should become a solar city. The first step in this direction is a building byelaw which was published in October 2008 and came into effect on the 21st December 2008.

“The issue was under consideration for a long time and had to be implemented”, says Sanjay Kumar, the chief administrator of the Union Territory of Chandigarh. The following is written in the byelaw: “All commercial, institutional and hotel buildings which have use of hot water shall have solar water heating systems of adequate capacity installed. The existing buildings which do not have those facilities shall provide this facility within one year from the date these orders are notified in the official gazette.” This is a very far-reaching rule without any exceptions.

The byelaw allows residential building owners a transitional period of two years. “We have given residential buildings a timeframe of two years, keeping in mind that senior citizens live alone in some of these houses”, explains Kumar. “Such people might not be that swift in implementing the provisions. The timeframe will ensure that, after time, all houses are going to possess such systems.” Further information see table below.

The byelaw stipulates the construction of 100 litre solar water heaters in residential houses constructed on a parcel of 506 m2 (1 kanal house) and a solar water heater with 200 litres for residential buildings constructed on a parcel of 1,012 m2 (2 kanal house).

The text was written by Jaideep Malaviya, a specialist for solar thermal technology. His office is based in Pune, India. E-Mail:


City / country   Chandigarh, India
Name   Solar building byelaw
Goal   Commercial, institutional and hotel buildings shall provide a solar water heating system within one year after the law came into effect. Residential buildings have two years time for installing a solar water heater.
Date when law passed   21 October 2008
Date when law came into effect 21 December 2008
Target group Commercial, institutional, hotel, residential
Special requirements Residential 1 kanal house (equivalent to a 506 m2 parcel): solar water heater with at least 100 litres per 2 kanal house (equivalent to a 1,012 m2 parcel): solar water heater with at least 200 litres
Last review of this tabloid January, 2009 
Further information  

Chandigarh Administration

UT Chief Administrator Sanjay Kumar
4th Floor, UT Secretariat, Sector 9, Chandigarh, India Phone +91 172 2740017


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