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Solar Cooling, Water Treatment/Desalination

France Increases Public Support for Solar Thermal

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on December 11, 2015

The French energy agency Ademe has been supporting renewable heat production in the industry, the district heating sector and at multi-family buildings since 2009. The budget of the national subsidy scheme, Fonds Chaleur (Heat Fund), will double in amount from around EUR 240 million per year to EUR 420 million in 2017. During 2009 to 2014, solar installations accounted for as little as 6 % of Fonds Chaleur's EUR 1.2 billion (see the attached report). Despite the high subsidy amount, the number of solar thermal applications is declining, as is the French solar market in general. Ademe is trying to counter the negative trend by offering new incentive schemes to address the large solar systems segments.
Source: Ademe

Solar Electric and Solar Thermal Energy: A Summary of Current Technologies (2014)

Submitted by Francesco Gattiglio on June 26, 2015

This document, written by Tayyebatossadat P. Aghaei of the Global Energy Network Institute (GENI), illustrates the different applications of solar thermal and photovoltaic technology. 

After a brief introduction on the history of solar energy, the document firstly explains the functioning of large scale solar thermal technology systems, differentiating between flat-plate collectors and concentrator collectors. This section includes also graphic representations of the different systems.

Solar Energy in Spain (2009)

Submitted by Raquel Ponte Costa on April 6, 2015

The solar potential in Spain is the highest in Europe because of its privileged location and climate.  Solar energy offers many advantages with respect to conventional energy, since it deals with a stream of energy that is free, clean and limitless. 

Consideration of Impacts on Water Quality and Quantity in the WREZ Process (2003)

Submitted by Raquel Ponte Costa on March 29, 2015

Throughout much of the Western U.S., water is a scarce resource. Growing cities and power plants often compete directly with the agricultural sector - and environmental needs - for limited water supplies. Developing new, renewable energy supplies will have varied impacts on water resources. It is important that, in the process, renewable energy development does not contribute to or exacerbate water supply and quality challenges.

CERN’s Ultra High Vacuum Flat Plate Solar Collector Markets and Applications (2008)

Submitted by Raquel Ponte Costa on August 4, 2011

This is a presentation from the CERN (European Organisation for Nuclear Research) about solar thermal technologies and applications.

The presentation reviews the different market applications (hot water and heating, space heating and cooling, desalination, pool heating, industrial processes and electricity production). It also gives data on the European energy market and the market share of the different solar technologies. The document indicates the market drivers for solar thermal and the forecasts for the coming years.

 

Barriers to Technology Diffusion: the Case of Solar Thermal Technologies (2006)

Submitted by Hans Craen on March 27, 2009

This joint paper from the OECD and IEA (October 2006) looks into the different barriers that exist which prevent solar thermal technologies to deliver its real potential. Next to listing the barriers, the document also looks into means to overcome these, the existing technologies & markets and identifies best practices which can be used by policy makers in both industrialised and developing countries.

Three barriers to diffusion are analysed in more detail:

(1) Technical barriers,

(2) Economic barriers and

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