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Solar Thermal Power, Finance and Incentives

Thematic Review of GEF-Financed Solar Thermal Projects (2001)

Submitted by Raquel Ponte Costa on September 7, 2009

This paper reports the developments of four projects financed by the UN Global Environment Facility (GEF) in India, Morocco, Mexico and Egypt. The GEF chose those countries to develop solar thermal power technology as it has shown to be one of the most cost efficient options for renewable bulk power production, besides being the most cost-effective way of producing electricity from solar radiation.

Applications of Solar Heat for Temperatures Ranging from 50 – 2000°C (2008)

Submitted by Hans Craen on August 27, 2009

This paper was presented at the 5th European Thermal-Sciences Conference which tool place in The Netherlands in 2008. The major application of solar thermal relates to domestic and industrial water and space heating which require relatively low temperatures.

The Solar Thermal Electricity Industry’s Proposal for the Mediterranean Solar Plan (2009)

Submitted by Hans Craen on August 11, 2009

Following the the contribution from ESTELA (European Solar Thermal Electricity Association) to the European Commission’s Strategic Energy Technology Plan, ESTELA has also issued its proposal for the Mediterranean Solar Plan (MSP). One of the main goals of the MSP is to contribute to the creation of a Euro-Mediterranean regional renewable electricity market. In addition, the MSP will also help the economic development of Southern Mediterranean countries by creating a new source of revenue.

Solar Thermal Legislation on Municipal, Regional and National Level in Spain: Success and Remaining Barriers (2007)

Submitted by Hans Craen on July 29, 2009

This overview, which was presented at the 2007 ESTEC conference, summarises the current status of solar thermal legislation in Spain and in the Catalan region in particular. The leading role Barcelona has played in making the installation of solar thermal systems compulsory in new buildings, and the positive results of it, was a catalyst for setting ambitious goals on national level.

Market Report for Enlarging Solar Thermal Systems in Multi-Family-Houses and Hotels in Europe (2007)

Submitted by Hans Craen on July 15, 2009

Solarge is a European co-operation project promoting the installation of collective solar thermal systems (CSTS) with collector areas of 30m2 and larger. The project looks in particular to multi-family buildings, hotels, public and social buildings. This report, which has been revised in 2007, compiles and assesses data relative to 8 national CSTS markets.

The research looked, among other points, to the level of development of the national solar thermal market and to what extent the political and legislative framework hampers or promotes the development of CSTS.

Solar Thermal Energy in Iran (2005)

Submitted by Hans Craen on July 13, 2009

This document from 2005 looks into the potential of solar thermal development for Iran. Although Iran has a very high level of incoming global radiation, the use of solar energy in general is very low. One of the key-obstacles for solar thermal is the low level of energy prices. This can be explained due to the significant subsidies for fossil fuels which blocks private investments in energy saving activities.

Solar Thermal Generation: A Sustainable Intervention to Improve SAPP's Diminishing Generation Surplus Capacity (2007)

Submitted by Hans Craen on July 9, 2009

This paper from 2007 looks into the energy needs of the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) which is a consortium of countries in Southern Africa represented by their national power utility companies. The paper indicates that the critical concern for this region is that the electricity demand cannot be met beyond 2010.

Delivering on Earth's Solar Potential (2009)

Submitted by Hans Craen on June 30, 2009

This 2009 document sees concentrating solar power (CSP) as a solution to the world’s energy challenges. The document states that CSP is one of the few available low carbon technologies which can provide a solution over the next 40 years in view of limiting greenhouse gas emissions and addressing the concerns of energy security.

The report comes to this conclusion based on the CSP performance in Spain and the US and the maturity of the existing technology. The report anticipates in the short to medium term a greater grid connectivity in both Europe and the US.

Feed-In Tariffs Support Solar Thermal Power in Spain

Submitted by Hans Craen on June 29, 2009

This document explains how the use of Feed-In Tariffs has been beneficial for the development of concentrating solar power (CSP) in Spain. A Feed-In Tariff ensures that the entrepreneurs’ electricity will be bought at a guaranteed rate for a fixed period of time.

Theoretical Economic Potential of the Spanish Premium Tariff for Solar Thermal Power Plants (2008)

Submitted by Hans Craen on June 23, 2009

The Spanish legislation for the regulation of renewable energy (Royal Decree 661/2007) foresees two options for the plant operators to sell their electricity: either based on a flat-rate price or a premium tariff. The latter means that the operators will participate directly on the electricity market. This study from 2008 assesses the theoretical potentials of the premium tariff compared to the flat feed-in tariff.

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