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Minha Casa Minha Vida

Belo Horizonte – Brazil´s Solar Capital

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on October 25, 2017
Belo HorizonteBelo Horizonte, a municipality about 600 km north of Sao Paulo in the state of Minas Gerais, is also known as the solar capital of Brazil. Not only does it have a population of about 2.5 million, but solar water heater installations on many of its high-rise multifamily buildings. The photo shows one example, a block of flats for the wealthy middle class. The roof is completely covered in solar water heaters, which meet around half of the annual hot water requirements. This article will present the main drivers of an exciting market development in Latin America: a university research group specialised in solar heating and cooling, committed system planners, strong manufacturers and a pro-solar state utility.
Photos: Bärbel Epp
 

Brazil: Energy Ministry with Big Plans for Solar

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on September 6, 2017
Amauricio Gomes Lúcio / Eduardo AzevedoThe focus of the Intersolar South America in Sao Paulo: photovoltaics. Increasing electricity prices in Brazil and net metering options have generated interest among PV manufacturers from all over the world. The fair organisers, German-based Solar Promotion, said that the number of exhibitors had risen by another 20 % to more than 220. This only made it even more crucial for the newly founded Brazilian solar thermal industry association Abrasol to fly the flag. The opening speech on the Strategic Importance of Solar Thermal in Brazil, the title of the solar heat conference day on 23 August, came from Eduardo Azevedo (right), State Secretary of Energy Planning and Development at the Brazilian Ministry of Mines and Energy, MME. He underlined the importance of replacing electric shower heads with solar water heaters to increase efficiency. The ministry expects the share of residential SWHs to double from today’s 7 % to 14 % by 2026 (see the following chart). The photo shows Abrasol´s President, Amauricio Gomes Lúcio, presenting Azevedo with the Brazilian Atlas of Solar Energy.
Photo: Intersolar South America / Solar Promotion

Brazil: 2016 Market Statistics by Newly Founded Industry Association ABRASOL

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on April 30, 2017
Brazil Market Development 2016A recently introduced annual statistic by Brazil’s newly established industry association ABRASOL based in São Paulo shows that in 2016, the country was again the one with the third-largest number of new installations and the largest solar thermal market in South America. The 1,304,922 m² of newly installed glazed and unglazed water collector area (0.91 GWth) added in 2016 have put it only slightly ahead of India and behind China and Turkey. Brazil’s glazed collector market experienced a comparatively small drop of 4 % considering the country’s ongoing economic and political crisis and the slowdown of Minha Casa Minha Vida (My house, My Life), the programme which had made solar water heaters a requirement for new social housing projects. Reduced purchasing power led to a 10 % decline in the sales of unglazed collectors for swimming pools and vacuum tube collectors played only a minor role last year, garnering 2 % of sales.
Chart: ABRASOL
 

Brazil Offers New Green Building Credit Terms

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on September 29, 2015
Minha Casa Minha VidaSince June 2015, the CAIXA bank owned by the Brazilian government has been offering improved financing conditions for energy-efficient housing projects built under the social housing programme Minha Casa Minha Vida (MCMV) to promote energy saving. As growing electricity demand is constantly driving up prices, the government wants to foster the use of any technology which could lower power consumption in newbuilds. Circular Caixa 681 now offers new financing conditions for projects which include energy efficiency measures – primarily, solar thermal.
 

Brazil: Mandatory Certification Postponed to September 2015

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on February 18, 2015
Certifica SolOriginally, the Brazilian Labelling Program, PBE, was supposed to become mandatory in July 2014. Now, in 2015, the industry is still waiting for the so-called compulsoriedade to become reality. The label has so far only been mandatory for solar water heaters intended for the federal social housing programme Minha Casa Minha Vida (see photo). In January the press department of INMETRO confirmed per email that there was already a new deadline for manufacturers: From September 2015 on, Brazilians may only produce or import collectors and tanks adhering to the technical requirements for quality based on standard ABNT NBR 15747, which is European norm EN 12975-2 adapted to Brazilian climate conditions. INMETRO also confirmed that resellers would still be allowed to buy non-conforming products until March 2016. After that date they could only sell non-conforming products from their own stocks. From March 2017 on, Brazilian developers would no longer be able to buy or install any solar heating system without an INMETRO certificate – assuming that there won’t be any more delays in implementation.
 

Brazil: Solar Thermal Market Diversifies in 2013

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on July 25, 2014
Brazil Market Statistics 1In 2013, the Brazilian solar thermal market grew significantly in both the unglazed segment of swimming pool absorbers and the glazed collector segment of solar hot water systems. According to the annual market statistics gathered in February 2014 by DASOL, the Solar Heating Department of the Brazilian Association of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Heating, ABRAVA, the glazed collector market continued its steep increase with another 20 % of growth last year. Regarding the unglazed market segment, the anonymous survey of the Brazilian market reveals that 2013 was a strong year, showing a growth rate of 18 % after two stagnating years (see the chart on the left). The total newly installed solar collector area was 1.38 million m2 – 20 % more than in 2012 (see 2012 market statistics). The share of glazed collectors was again at around 55 %. 
Source: DASOL / ABRAVA
 

Brazil: Rising Electricity Prices Put Spotlight on Solar Thermal

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on March 27, 2014
Logos BrazilBecause Brazil has been using hydropower to generate more than 75 % of its electricity, constant droughts have increased average electricity costs tremendously. What seems to be bad news for the end customers could turn into an opportunity for the solar thermal sector. DASOL, the Solar Heating Department of the association ABRAVA, expects to reach an agreement with the government on the development of new incentive schemes, mainly for social housing programmes.
 

Brazil: Two Different Types of Social Housing Projects and Their Approach to Quality

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on November 7, 2013

The social housing segment is one of the market drivers in Brazil. In 2013, state programme Minha Casa Minha Vida (My Home My Life) is said to account for 17 % of the more than 1.2 million m2 of newly installed glazed and unglazed collector area. These are the latest market assessments presented by Carlos Artur Alves de Alencar, President of Dasol, the Solar Heating Department of the Brazilian Association of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Heating, Abrava at the Intersolar South America 2013 conference in São Paulo in September (see attached document). Solarthermalworld.org spoke with him about the quality approach in large social housing projects.
Photo: Intersolar

Brazil: Residential Demand Drives Market

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on July 24, 2013

In 2012, the Brazilian market of glazed collector area increased by 21 % to 625,866 m², whereas the unglazed swimming pool market segment only grew by 3 % to 525,508 m². According to the market statistics of the Solar Heating Department, DASOL, of the Brazilian Association of Refrigeration, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Heating, ABRAVA, it is still the residential sector which drives the market, representing 66% of the sales in 2012, while the segment of industry, business and services accounts for 17 % and the social housing programme makes up another 17% (see the attached market survey in Portuguese). The chart shows the strong market growth over the last five years, which almost doubled in newly installed collector area from 671,156 m² in 2008 to 1,151,300 m² last year.
Source: DASOL

“I appreciated the initiative of introducing a new standard”

Submitted by Baerbel Epp on March 11, 2013

Elizabeth Duarte Pereira can look back at 40 years of solar thermal research in Brazil. Today, she is Professor at the UNA University Centre in Belo Horizonte in the state of Minas Gerais and is about to help set up a new test facility in Brazil - the third in her research career. During her stay in Berlin for the international SMEThermal conference, solarthermalworld.org sat down with Pereira to talk about quality issues, standards and Brazil’s solar-supported social housing programme.
Photo: Bärbel Epp

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