Jordan is showing rapidly increasing demand for air-conditioning. Total annual emissions from cooling commercial buildings add up to 600,000 tonnes of CO2, an amount equal to emissions from about 120,000 passenger vehicles per year. This has prompted the German Agency for International Cooperation to initiate the project Solar Cooling in Industry and Commerce in Jordan. The German Technische Universität Berlin (TUB) played a key role in this transfer of technology and know-how for the planning and installation as well as monitoring of four solar-driven air-conditioning systems in public and private buildings. The photo shows the 388 m² collector field which was commissioned at Petra Guest House in February 2015, around the same time as the one at German Jordanian University.
Countries in Southeast Asia have big plans for solar energy. Thailand’s government in particular knows precisely how its future energy and environment policies should look like. It has pledged to both expand the use of renewables and improve energy efficiency across the nation. Until 2021, the government aims at a share of 25 % from renewable sources, while decreasing the total energy consumption by up to 20 % compared to 2005. These are some of the figures presented at the information meeting “Solarthermie in Industrie und Gewerbe in Thailand: Potentiale für deutsche Unternehmen” (translated as “Solar thermal in Thailand’s industry and trade: Potential for German companies”), which the Agency for International Cooperation, GIZ, held in Berlin, Germany, at the beginning of March. The GIZ also supports a business trip, which will take place from 27 to 31 May this year. The trip for German entrepreneurs is organised in cooperation with the German-Thai Chamber of Commerce (AHK Thailand). The photo shows the installation of a large-scale solar thermal plant in Thailand.
Photo: Aschoff Solar
Elizabeth Duarte Pereira can look back at 40 years of solar thermal research in Brazil. Today, she is Professor at the UNA University Centre in Belo Horizonte in the state of Minas Gerais and is about to help set up a new test facility in Brazil - the third in her research career. During her stay in Berlin for the international SMEThermal conference, solarthermalworld.orgsat down with Pereira to talk about quality issues, standards and Brazil’s solar-supported social housing programme.
Photo: Bärbel Epp
This summer, the UNDP Climate Change Programme, the Global Environmental Facility Small Grants Programme (GEF/SGP), the Albanian Ministry of Economy Trade and Energy (METE), and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) worked together to provide eleven guesthouses in the northern Albanian village of Theth with solar water heating (SWH) systems for domestic use (photo). Theth is located in a natural park in the Albanian Alps. With more than 12,000 tourists in 2011, the region is one of the most attractive spots around the country. The eleven thermosiphon systems were financed by grants from the participating organisations. The only thing that was co-financed by the beneficiaries was the installation of the solar water heaters.
Photo: UNDP Albania
Low-Pressure solar thermal systems - such as water-filled, double-glass vacuum tube collectors - are no longer eligible to receive loans from the Hipoteca Verde programme in Mexico. This is the result of changes made by the National Commission for the Efficient Use of Energy (CONUEE) to its technical specifications for solar water heaters. These recent changes, however, do not affect solar thermal systems which work at pressures of 3 bar or more.
The “Collective Prosol Programme” in Tunisia is gaining momentum. The National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME) started the subsidy programme for solar thermal installations in the tertiary sector back in 2008. The application rate was low at first, but 2010 became a good year for the commercial solar thermal market. At the end of that year, ANME counted a total installed and subsidised collector area of 4,000 m2, including four hotel installations with together 480 m2 and around 130 smaller installations under 30 m2. According to ANME, grants for another 1,770 m2 are still in the pipeline. And, a solar programme targeting 18 public swimming pools is also under development. The photo shows the solar installation on the Iberostar Phenicia hotel in Hammamet, at the northeast coast of Tunisia. Photo: Alcor
Mexico is known for its great numbers and plans which are not always fully met. Although some “great goals were only partially met”, the solar thermal market has grown substantially in recent years, mainly because of the booming building sector. The photo shows one of the newly constructed housing areas in the city of Zumpango near Mexico City, with 150 litre thermosiphon systems on each roof and a total of 1,100 systems.
Photo: GIZ / Marco Lemus